The Fred Hollows Foundation (The Foundation) is a secular non-profit public health organisation based in Australia, which was founded in 1992 by eminent eye surgeon Professor Fred Hollows. The Foundation focuses on strengthening eye health systems and the treatment and prevention of avoidable blindness caused by Cataract, Trachoma, Diabetic Retinopathy, and Refractive Error. It operates in more than 20 countries across Australia, The Pacific, South and South-East Asia, and Africa. The Foundation was named The Australian Charity of the Year 2013 at the inaugural Australian Charity Awards.
In Uganda, older persons are defined as persons aged 60 years and above (Uganda National Policy for Older Persons, 2009). The current population of older persons is estimated at 1.6 million (5% of the population) and it is expected to increase to 5.5 million in 2050. According to the Uganda National Household Survey 2012/13, older persons constitute 4.7 percent of the population, representing 1.6 million people, of whom 53 percent are women and 47 percent are men. The survey indicates that of these, 64.5 percent have old-age related disability and 10.7 percent live alone.
The Integration of Health Services into Social Protection Program for Older Persons in rural Uganda project is working in partnership with government and mission-based hospitals and health centers in West, and South-Western Uganda to increase quality and equitable access to eye care services and other health services, with a focus on reaching the disadvantaged sub-populations of older persons, and more specifically older women.
Older people have the highest burden of eye conditions and non-communicable diseases in Uganda. Yet, due to mobility challenges, they are often left behind and are unable to take part in general eye and other health related camps. Many older women live in poverty in Uganda and rely on their family to access basic resources including healthcare. There is also a general perception that sickness and disability are an inevitable and ‘natural’ part of ageing, so action is not taken to prevent declines in intrinsic capacity, and to detect and address disease and disability, resulting in a systemic neglect of older populations.
Currently, the government of Uganda, under the Ministry of Gender, Labor and Social Development and with support from development partners, is implementing the Social Assistance Grant for Empowerment (SAGE) through a senior citizen grant (SCG), which is the country’s first old-age pension scheme. This scheme aims to address chronic poverty, and, as of 2020, it pays a regular monthly pension of UGX 25,000 (approximately US$ 6.70) per month to over 150,000 older persons in bi-monthly instalments. This grant must be collected in person by its recipients at their subcounty offices, which offers a unique opportunity to reach many older people in one location to provide health services.
Providing screening services at such an event to detect declines of intrinsic capacity among older people, with a particular focus on older women, could guarantee high turnout, offering an opportunity to promptly detect and prevent declines in intrinsic capacity and underlying health conditions and ensure timely referral to receive a comprehensive assessment and treatment for many older people in the country who currently have limited to no access to these types of services.
Older persons who are identified to have heath conditions are referred to Ruharo Mission Hospital Eye Centre (REC) and Mbarara University Referral Hospital Eye Centre for treatment. Project partners include Christian Blind Mission (CBM), Mbarara University Referral Hospital Eye Centre and Ruharo Mission Hospital.
 Intrinsic capacity refers to all the physical and mental capacities that an individual can draw from at a given moment in time. It includes six different domains: visual capacity, hearing capacity, locomotor capacity (mobility), vitality (nutrition), psychological capacity, and cognitive capacity.
Project Outcomes and outputs:
Outcome 1: The capacity of healthcare providers and community development officers and parish chiefs to deliver integrated care for older people is improved.
Outcome 2: Older persons, particularly older women, have increased access to integrated care.
Outcome 3: Self-care practices among older persons are improved, including nutrition and physical activity.
Purpose of the evaluation
The purpose of this evaluation is to assess whether the project achieved its intended objectives and how lessons gained from the project can be integrated and used for ongoing improvement. This means that there are two overall purposes of this evaluation:
The consultant is expected to complete the final evaluation and will be provided with a package of pre-designed methodology and tools that will only require local contextualisation. Additionally, the consultant will be provided with a detailed evaluation protocol that includes country specific guidance as well as an evaluation plan outline that should be used by the consultant to develop the country evaluation plan.
The primary intended users of this evaluation will be:
The evaluation will also be of interest to a range of secondary users, including:
Evaluation scope and key questions
This evaluation will provide detailed information on all pre-defined indicators for the project and will be structured around the following evaluation criteria: Effectiveness; Efficiency; Relevance; Impact; Coherence and Equity. Additionally, the evaluation will capture lessons learned through implementation, including an identification of enablers and barriers for implementation. The consultant will have the possibility to propose expanding the set of questions to suit the country-specific evaluation, with any changes to be reviewed and approved by the FHF Evaluation Working Group led by the Healthy Ageing Senior Advisor prior to finalization. Additional guidance and resources for the country evaluation will be provided to the selected consultant upon contracting.
This is an endline evaluation that covers a subset of activities implemented from June – Dec 2023 and which will cover the following:
Key evaluation question(s)
Effectiveness: (Is the project achieving its objectives?)
KEQ 1: To what extent has the pilot’s outcomes been achieved and to what extent has the project contributed to achievements against the outcomes?
SQ 1.0: To what extent has the pilot project identified and seized opportunities to develop new or strengthen existing partnerships?
SQ 1.1: To what extent has access to integrated care for older people improved in the targeted geographic locations? (Note: this question will also look at reach)
SQ 1.2: To what extent has the capacity of healthcare providers (and others where relevant) increased to provide integrated care for older people?
SQ 1.3: To what extent has the pilot project raised awareness of health conditions affecting older persons, and increased understanding of when and how to seek help? (Note: this links to health literacy and self-care)
Efficiency (How well are resources being used?)
KEQ 2: To what extent has the pilot delivered results in an economic and timely way?
SQ 2.1: To what extent has the integrated delivery approach used in the pilot project resulted in economies and/or efficiencies for the care of older populations?
(Is the project doing the right things?)
KEQ 3: What is the additional value of taking an integrated care approach for older populations compared to a vertical eye care project in relation to improving the health of older populations?
(What difference does the project make?)
KEQ 4: To what extent has the quality of life of older people reached by the pilot improved? How significant was the Foundation’s contribution to this and were there any differences between men and women? (Note: only relevant to beneficiaries who received treatment through the pilot projects)
KEQ5: To what extent has the health of older men and women improved, and how significant was the Foundation’s contribution to this?
KEQ 6: Were there any unintended outcomes (positive or negative) that resulted from the pilot project?
(How well does the project fit?)
KEQ 7: To what extent does the pilot align with government objectives in relation to promoting the health and wellbeing of older populations?
(Note: this is generally focused on external actors, rather than just those internal to the project, and looks at coherence with the broader agenda within each context)
(How well is the project addressing inequity?)
KEQ 8: To what extent has the pilot project reached all of the target population (i.e. older people living within the target communities, including different age groups, genders, people with a disability, people in rural and urban areas, etc.)?
KEQ 9: What recommendations, if any, are there to improve the delivery of healthcare services for older populations?
SQ 9.1 What have been the enablers and barriers for implementing the pilot project? (e.g. contextual issues, internal workforce issues, available partnerships)
SQ 9.2: How effectively has the M&E framework been implemented and is the data accurate?
SQ 9.3: How have the knowledge learning sessions supported ongoing project improvement?
The selected consultant will be provided with a pre-designed evaluation methodology and set of data collection tools to follow. The tools should be thoroughly reviewed and minimally adapted by the consultant to suit the local context where necessary, with any changes requiring to be reviewed and approved by the FHF Global Evaluation Working Group prior to finalisation.
The evaluation will consist of a desk review of existing project documents and monitoring data, key information interviews with the stakeholders involved in this project and focus group discussions with project beneficiaries. Specifically, the consultant will undertake the following tasks for achieving the consultancy:
Key representative groups that will need to be consulted to complete this evaluation include, among others, older people, caregivers, community development officers, parish chiefs, healthcare provides (e.g. village health workers, nurses), representatives from relevant ministries.
Note: the evaluation will require approval by the relevant Ethics Committee prior to commencement of data collection. This will be assessed based on the proposed methodology, with the ethics approval application to be managed by the consultant with support from the Fred Hollows Foundation.
The following deliverables are expected from the consultant in completing the assignment:
NOTE: All raw data collected/generated during the evaluation will also need to be provided and a backup of raw data submitted in a format accessible to The Foundation.
The Foundation will provide the following:
Individual or institutions interested should submit a cover letter, resume, technical and financial proposals to The Foundation’s Kenya regional office by 30th November 2023 all in one single pdf file. Please reference “End of Project Evaluation for Integration of Health Services into Social Protection Program for Older Persons Project in rural Uganda” and send to the following address: [email protected]. Only submissions with complete documents as stated in the TOR and those meeting minimum requirements will be considered. Qualified consultants may be subjected to a background check on child protection as a condition for engagement.
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