CARE International established its presence in Jordan in 1948, in response to the massive influx of Palestinian refugees to the Hashemite Kingdom. CARE Jordan has expanded its impact groups in response to the most vulnerable people, Syrian refugees and minorities from different nationalities. Its response to the crisis in Syria was particularly informed by the Iraqi crisis, during which CARE established refugee program, in 2003, facilitating the urban refugee hubs approach. Such a model has been developed and successfully applied, comprising community-based approach of case management and information provision services (being the backbone of the program), conditional and unconditional cash assistance as well as (non-medical) psychosocial support, livelihood support and winterization assistance. CARE has adapted its programming to respond to the needs of refugee families and Jordanian host community citizens. This has included establishing four Urban Community Centers in the governorates with the highest population of refugees, where they can access a range of necessary services.
The crisis in Syria, which turned nine years old in March 2019, is causing the biggest displacement crisis of our times, with severe repercussions for Syria’s neighbors that currently shoulder the brunt of the refugee caseload. As of January 3rd 2019, there were 671,148 Syrian refugees registered in Jordan; most of them live in urban areas among Jordanians (79%) and around 21% reside in one of the three refugee camps in the Country. Despite immense efforts to provide protection and assistance to the refugees into their host communities, the lives of Syrian refugees in exile have been placed on hold, as a result of the complex and interconnected nexus of the cultural, socio-economic and political challenges, which have not allowed them to return home, settle in Jordan, or in a third country. As the crisis continues, it remains quite pertinent to continue to think of international protection as the most important priority, so it is timely to devote time and effort in developing durable solutions that will allow people to live in peace, safety and dignity. Therefore, it is important to strengthen the general framework for humanitarian / development nexus approach as well as durable solutions that is viewed through the lens of protection, human rights (i.e. International Human Rights Law), reducing poverty, increase opportunities, and based on the best interests of refugees and their active participation in seeking and implementing durable solutions. Therefore, in this assessment, CARE has focused on the themes of Protection, Gender and Women, Education, Durable Solutions, and Sustainable Livelihoods, has identified new risks and nascent trends, and has tracked the ongoing needs and vulnerabilities of Syrian refugees, refugees of other nationalities, and local host community members.
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